Walnut trees are drought resistant, but require a lot of sunlight and protection from the wind is recommended. Roughly two thirds of the world's walnut production is from right here in the USA and 99% of those are produced in California. The shells of black walnuts are commonly used to polish soft metals and as a filler for dynamite. Walnut timber is commonly used for gun stocks due to the compression resistance along the grain of the wood.
Juglans, otherwise known as the Walnut family, contains 21 different species of tree. Juglans regia (English Walnut) and Juglans nigra (Black Walnut) are the two most important trees for timber and nuts. Walnut trees can grow to between 35 and 130 feet tall with the tallest living specimen found in Sauvie Island, Oregon and measures an astonishing 112 feet tall with a 144 foot crown.
Walnuts are also used for high-end furniture and the veneer cut from the walnut burl is highly sought out for cabinet making. While the Black and English varieties are similar in look, they are easily distinguished by their difference in leaf structure. The English walnut leaf is made up of 5 – 9 leaflets while the Black walnut has 15-23 leaflets per leaf. The English walnut leaf is also more oval shaped than the Black walnut's typically smaller, narrower shaped leaf.
Tree spacing depends on whether you are growing them for timber or nut production. Trees planted for timber should be planted close together so that the lower limbs die and fall off. Doing this improves the quality of the timber by reducing the number of defects in the lumber. Trees planted for nut production are usually poor timber sources as the wood is full of knots and the sapwood is lighter in color. Trees planted out in the open grow fuller, larger crowns making them much better for nut production than walnut trees planted in or near the forest. Willis Orchard Company offers seven walnut varieties; the Black Walnut, Chandler, Cook's Giant Sweet, English, Hartley, Thomas Black, and White Walnut.
Walnut Trees are highly prized for their tasty nuts and their valuable wood. The wood has an amber reddish color that has long been used for fine furniture construction. The nuts of walnut trees are classified into two groups: black and white. The white walnut group has nuts that abscise smoothly from the surrounding pith so the shell is relatively clean and white (actually golden). Also, the white walnut shells are relatively soft and easy to crack in comparison to black walnuts.
However, the black walnut is no less desirable in flavor. Black walnuts' shell clings to the surrounding pith and must be removed by force or decay. In either case, remains of the pith are embedded in the shell, which gives it a black appearance. Black walnuts are very high in price compared to most other types of nuts, and its wood is unsurpassed. Willis Orchard Company offers a fine selection of choice walnut trees for sale for your home or commercial orchard. Buy trees online with us!