Eriobotrya japonica, otherwise known as the Loquat tree, is a member of the Rosaceae family along with pears and apples. Loquat trees are wind tolerant and normally pollinated by bees. They grow well in moderately fertile soil but require good drainage. Loquat trees will not do well in standing water; they like to drink and dry as do most fruit trees. Loquat fruits should be allowed to fully ripen before picking. Loquats do not ripen well off of the tree and are usually quite tart when picked early.
Loquats are very disease resistant and typically are only slightly bothered disease or by Fire Blight. Loquat fruits are very similar to apples in that they are high in sugar, acid, and pectin. They also contain vitamin A and anti-oxidants which nourish the skin and help fight aging. hey are typically eaten as fresh fruit and mix well in fruit salads. Slightly immature fruits are tart and are best used for pies or fruit tarts. They are also used in a wide array of jellies and jams. Loquats can handle temperatures down to 15 degrees Fahrenheit but temperatures below 27 degrees will kill the blooms and fruit. The wood of loquat trees has been used in the making of rulers. Loquat trees are low maintenance and the only pruning required is to remove dead wood.